How to Double Crochet — Guide for Beginners

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A piece of pink fabric made with double crochet stitches on woman's hands
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The double crochet (dc) stitch is one of the fundamental stitches in crochet. It is taller than a single crochet, making it versatile and widely used in various crochet projects. Mastering how to double crochet allows for quicker project completion due to its height and coverage.

Learning the double crochet stitch is beneficial as it increases the range of projects you can tackle, from blankets to clothing. This stitch creates a looser, more flexible fabric, ideal for items that require a softer drape.

You need to know that the double crochet stitch in the UK is the treble crochet stitch. Understanding this difference in terminology is essential when following patterns from different countries.

We’ll guide you through the basic steps to learn double stitch crochet, providing a foundation that will enhance your crochet abilities and enable you to work on more complex patterns.

Supplies Needed for Mastering Double Crochet Stitch

Crochet hook

Choose a crochet hook suitable for your yarn weight. This information is typically listed on the yarn label.

Yarn

Select a yarn that matches your project requirements, whether it be cotton, wool, or acrylic.

Scissors

You also need to cut your yarn.

Yarn needle

To finish your project neatly, you’ll use a yarn needle (or tapestry needle) to weave in the ends.

Step-by-Step Instructions on How to Do a Double Crochet

Create a foundation chain

Make a slip knot and a series of chain stitches. For a standard dc, chain any length plus three additional chains to turn.

Yarn over and insert hook into 3rd chain from hook

Wrap the yarn over your hook and insert the hook into the third chain from your hook.

Yarn over and pull through first loop

Yarn over again and pull through the chain. You now have three loops on your hook.

Yarn over and pull through two loops

Make a yarn over once more and pull through the first two loops on your hook, leaving two loops remaining.

Yarn over and pull through remaining two loops

Complete the stitch by yarning over and pulling through the last two loops on your hook.

Double Crochet Video Tutorial

Watch the double crochet video tutorial brought to you by YourCrochet.com. In this comprehensive guide, we’re excited to show you step-by-step how to master the double crochet stitch.

filmed by Crochetpedia for YourCrochet

Tips and Tricks for Mastering Double Crochet

Use stitch markers

Stitch markers are invaluable for marking specific stitches, especially in large projects or complex patterns. They can denote the beginning and end of pattern repeats or highlight important stitches needing increased attention later.

Count stitches

Keeping an accurate count of your stitches is crucial to maintaining the intended dimensions of your project. Develop a habit of counting stitches at the end of each row or round, especially when your project involves increases or decreases. This ensures consistency and helps achieve symmetrical results.

Maintaining tension

Tension affects the final texture and size of your crochet project. Hold the yarn consistently and adjust the grip on your hook to find what works best for maintaining even stitches. If you are new to crocheting, practice with scrap yarn to get comfortable before starting a project.

Fixing mistakes

When you notice a mistake, such as a missing yarn over or an extra stitch, it’s often best to undo (frog) your work back to before the error. This keeps your project looking neat and professional. Regularly checking your work can minimize the amount of unraveling needed.

Variations and Techniques in Double Crochet

Working in the round

Working double crochet in the round is essential for projects that require a circular shape, such as hats or doilies. Start with a slip knot and chain stitch to form a circle, then continue with dc, joining rounds with a slip stitch and using a chain to step up to the next round level.

Double crochet decrease (dc2tog)

You may need to decrease to shape garments or other projects. Yarn over, insert the hook into the stitch, pull up a loop, yarn over, insert into the next stitch, pull up another loop, then yarn over and pull through all three loops on the hook, effectively turning two stitches into one.

Front and back post stitches for texture

These techniques involve crocheting around the post of the stitch from the previous row rather than into the top of the stitch. Front post double crochet (FPdc) creates a raised stitch on the front, while back post double crochet (BPdc) raises the stitch on the back, adding a rich, ribbed texture perfect for edges or cabled patterns.

Double crochet cluster

Clusters involve several double crochets completed together in one stitch, creating a bobble or cluster effect. This is done by starting each double crochet stitch and leaving the last loop on the hook, then yarning over and pulling through all the loops at once. It’s great for adding dimension and decorative details.

Double Crochet Project Ideas

You’ll find plenty of free crochet patterns for practicing making double crochet stitches on PatternCenter.com. Here are some of our ideas:

Crochet blankets

Use varying yarn colors to create striped or chevron patterns with double crochet. This stitch works up quickly and provides a warm, comfortable blanket.

Crochet scarves and shawls

Due to its drape, double crochet lends itself well to scarves and shawls. For a lace effect, try creating an infinity scarf with alternating stripes of DC and chain spaces.

Crochet cardigans and sweaters

DC’s height and flexibility make it ideal for clothing. You can craft a loose-fitting, comfy cardigan by creating large, rectangular panels sewn together. 

Amigurumi

Although typically worked in tighter stitches, larger amigurumi toys can be effectively created with dc for a softer, squishier texture.

Crochet home decor

From cushion covers with bold, textured designs to placemats and coasters, dc is versatile enough for all types of home decor projects.

FAQ

What is the difference between single crochet and double crochet?

Single crochet (sc) is the shortest basic crochet stitch, creating a dense and tight fabric, while double crochet (dc) is taller, requiring a yarn over before and after inserting the hook into the stitch. This makes the dc looser and faster to work, which is ideal for projects that require a quicker build and softer drape.

How do you increase or decrease stitches in double crochet?

To increase in dc, simply work two dc stitches into the same stitch. To decrease, yarn over, insert the hook into the next stitch, yarn over and pull up a loop, then insert the hook into the following stitch, yarn over and pull up another loop, yarn over again, and pull through all three loops on the hook (dc2tog).

What is the purpose of a turning chain in double crochet?

The turning chain in dc raises the yarn to the height of the next row, providing a smooth and even edge. Typically, you will use a turning chain of three stitches, which counts as the first dc of the new row.

Can double crochet be used to create different types of stitches?

Yes, double crochet is highly versatile and can be modified to create a variety of stitches, such as the double crochet cluster, front post double crochet (FPdc), and back post double crochet (BPdc), each offering different textures and visual effects.

How do you create a border or edging using double crochet?

To create a border with dc, work one dc into each stitch around the perimeter of your project, adding three dc stitches in each corner to maintain a flat edge. This technique provides a simple yet effective finish that can enhance the overall look of your project.

What is the best type of yarn to use for double crochet?

Medium-weight yarns, such as worsted or aran, are ideal for dc because they are thick enough to work quickly and create well-defined stitches yet light enough to maintain the fabric’s drape and softness.

How do you read a crochet pattern that includes double crochet stitches?

Reading a crochet pattern with dc involves understanding basic crochet abbreviations and symbols. Look for “dc” in your pattern, which indicates a double crochet stitch, and follow any specific instructions regarding where and how many times to stitch. Pay attention that dc in UK terms means “single crochet” in US terms, and the double crochet will be marked as “treble crochet stitch” or “tc.”

Can double crochet be used to create clothing or accessories?

Absolutely! Due to its quick workup and versatile nature, dc is excellent for making various clothing and accessories, such as sweaters, scarves, hats, and bags.

How do you fix mistakes in double crochet?

To fix mistakes in dc, such as a missed stitch or extra stitch, carefully unravel your work back to the error and redo the stitches correctly. This process, known as “frogging,” helps maintain the integrity and appearance of your project.

What is the history of double crochet, and how has it evolved over time?

Double crochet has been a staple in crochet work for centuries. It evolved from early practices, where it was used to create more open and flexible fabrics. Over time, it has been adapted in countless patterns and styles, showcasing its adaptability and enduring popularity.

Can double crochet be combined with other crochet techniques?

To create complex, textured designs, you can effectively combine dc with other crochet techniques, such as lace patterns, Tunisian crochet, and filet crochet.

How do you create different textures using double crochet?

Creating textures with dc can be achieved by alternating the standard stitch with variations like FPdc and BPdc, or by working into only the front or back loops. These modifications can produce richly textured fabrics with ridges, bumps, or wavy patterns.

What are some common mistakes to avoid when learning double crochet?

Common mistakes include not completing each yarn over and pull-through sequence, leading to uneven stitch heights and gaps, miscounting stitches, and losing or adding stitches at the row ends. Consistently counting your stitches and checking your work can help avoid these errors.

How can double crochet be used in home decor and household items?

Double crochet is excellent for home decor projects like throw blankets, cushion covers, table runners, and curtains. Its quick workup and texture make it suitable for both functional and decorative items.

Are there any tips or tricks for achieving consistent tension in double crochet?

Achieving consistent tension in dc involves practicing holding the yarn and hook comfortably and adjusting the grip as needed. Yarn tension guides and ergonomic hooks can also help maintain even tension throughout your project.

What is the foundation double crochet?

Foundation double crochet (fdc) combines the creation of the foundation chain and the first row of dc stitches into one step, providing a more stretchable and even edge, which is particularly useful for garments.

Where can I use double crochet 2 together stitch?

Double crochet two together (dc2tog) is used primarily for decreasing the number of stitches in a row or round, essential for shaping items like hats, sleeves, and amigurumi figures, or for tapering parts of lace patterns.

What is the difference between double crochet and half double crochet stitches?

Double crochet (dc) is taller with two yarn overs, creating a looser fabric. The half double crochet stitch (hdc) is shorter and made with one yarn over, resulting in a denser, thicker fabric. DC offers more drape, while hdc provides a denser fabric than double crochet but less dense than single crochet, offering a good balance of tightness and flexibility. Crocheters often use this stitch for projects that require a thicker texture without the bulk, such as hats, scarves, and sweaters.

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